Description AppearanceThe Bull Terrier's most recognizable feature is its head, described as 'egg shaped' when viewed from the front, the top of the skull is
almost flat from ear to ear. Profile curves gently downwards from top of skull to tip of nose which should be black and bent downwards at tip. Nostrils are well
developed and under-jaw deep and strong. stop. The unique triangle-shaped eyes are small, dark, and deep-set. The body is full and round, while the shoulders are
robust and very muscular and the tail is carried horizontally. It walks with a jaunty gait, and is popularly known as the 'gladiator of the canine race'.
There is no designated height or weight for the breed, but the average is, Height: 52–61 cm (21-24 inches), Weight: 50–98 kg (50-85 pounds) The Bull Terrier is the
only recognized breed that has triangle-shaped eyes.
Temperament Although there is much discussion regarding the safety of owning a Bull Terrier, the American Temperament Test Society (ATTS), which performs
temperament tests in an effort to weed out potentially dangerous dogs from breeding programmes and to educate dog owners, reports consistently high pass rates,
around 90%, for Bull Terriers. Generally, Bull Terriers are no more or less aggressive towards people than any other dog. A Washington Animal Foundation human
fatalities survey in 2001 found none caused by Bull Terriers.
The Bull Terrier is a fun, comical, people-loving dog. They are known to be courageous, scrappy, fun-loving, active, clownish and fearless. They enjoy being around
people, sometimes a little too much, and can prove positively dangerous to people of a delicate nature, not through malicious intent, but rather through their
exuberance; as such the Bull Terrier is not recommended for households with small children, or the elderly and infirm. Bull Terriers can be both independent and
stubborn and for this reason is not considered suitable for an inexperienced dog owner. A firm hand and an assertive demeanour are essential if the Bull Terrier is not
to run riot. They are also fiercely protective and make superb watchdogs, although comprehensive socialisation at an early age will prevent them becoming over-
protective and neurotic.
When it comes to other animals, caution should be the byword. Bull Terriers have a strong prey instinct and can cause injury or death to other animals, especially
cats. That said, puppies brought up or socialised with cats and other animals can get on well with the animals they know; they can never be completely trusted with
other animals. With other dogs, unaltered males may not get along with other male dogs. Males and females can live together happily, and two females can also be a
good combination with care and supervision. Introducing a Bull Terrier of the same gender as the dog in residence is considered unwise, and some Bull Terriers won't
countenance any other dogs, of either gender.
Health All puppies should be checked for deafness, which occurs in 20% of pure white dogs and 1.3% of multi-colored dogs and is difficult to notice, especially in a
relatively young puppy. Many Bull Terriers have a tendency to develop skin allergies. Insect bites, such as those from fleas, and sometimes mosquitoes and mites, can
produce a generalized allergic response of hives, rash, and itching. This problem can be stopped by keeping the dog free of contact from these insects, but this is
definitely a consideration in climates or circumstances where exposure to these insects is inevitable. Their average lifespan is around 9–12 years, although they may
live longer - a male bull terrier house pet in South Wales, UK by the name of "Buller" lived to the age of 18 years. The oldest female Bull Terrier on record is an
Australian house pet dubbed "Puppa Trout" who remained sprightly into her 17th year.
The Bull Terrier's coat is easy to maintain, but grooming can keep it in near-perfect condition. Adding oils to their meals can also vastly improve the quality of their
coat. English Bull Terriers have thin, fine hair that requires minimal grooming. They are known to have light shedding patterns. Another important issue is that any
whiteness around the eyes, ears, nose, mouth, stomach or hindquarters with a short and sparse haired breed such as this must be protected against the sun with a
gentle but high SPF factored sunscreen to prevent sunburn and subsequent cancer. The Bull Terrier requires a fair amount of exercise.
Other common ailments: Umbilical Hernia and Acne. Bull Terriers can also suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder, such as tail sucking, self mutilation, and
History Early in the mid-19th century the "Bull and Terrier" breeds were developed to satisfy the needs for vermin control and animal-based blood sports. The "Bull
and Terriers" were based on the Old English Bulldog (now extinct) and one or more of Old English Terrier and "Black and tan terrier", now known as Manchester
Terrier. This new breed combined the speed and dexterity of lightly built terriers with the dour tenacity of the Bulldog, which was a poor performer in most combat
situations, having been bred almost exclusively for killing bulls and bears tied to a post. Many breeders began to breed bulldogs with terriers, arguing that such a
mixture enhances the quality of fighting. Despite the fact that a cross between a bulldog and a terrier was of high value, very little or nothing was done to preserve the
breed in its original form. Fortunately Bulldog managed to survive. Due to the lack of breed standards—breeding was for performance, not appearance—the "Bull and
Terrier" eventually divided into the ancestors of "Bull Terriers" and "Staffordshire Bull Terriers", both smaller and easier to handle than the progenitor.
About 1850, James Hinks started breeding "Bull and Terriers" with "English White Terriers" (now extinct), looking for a cleaner appearance with better legs and nicer
head. In 1862, Hinks entered a bitch called "Puss" sired by his white Bulldog called "Madman" into the Bull Terrier Class at the dog show held at the Cremorne
Gardens in Chelsea. Originally known as the "Hinks Breed" and "The White Cavalier", these dogs did not yet have the now-familiar "egg face", but kept the stop in the
The difference between "Bullies" and "Staffies"The dog was immediately popular and breeding continued, using Dalmatian, Greyhound, Spanish Pointer, Foxhound
and Whippet to increase elegance and agility; and Borzoi and Collie to reduce the stop. Hinks wanted his dogs white, and bred specifically for this. Generally,
however, breeding was aimed at increasing sturdiness: three "subtypes" were recognised by judges, Bulldog, Terrier and Dalmatian, each with its specific
conformation, and a balance is now sought between the three. The first modern Bull Terrier is now recognised as "Lord Gladiator", from 1917, being the first dog with
no stop at all.
Due to medical problems associated with all-white breeding, Ted Lyon among others began introducing colour, using Staffordshire Bull Terriers in the early 20th
century. Coloured Bull Terriers were recognised as a separate variety (at least by the AKC) in 1936. Brindle is the preferred colour, but other colours are welcome.[
Along with conformation, specific behaviour traits were sought. The epithet "White Cavalier", harking back to an age of chivalry, was bestowed on a breed which while
never seeking to start a fight was well able to finish one, while socialising well with its "pack", including children and pups. Hinks himself had always aimed at a
"gentleman's companion" dog rather than a pit-fighter—though Bullies were often entered in the pits, with some success. Today the Bullie is valued as a comical,
mischievous, imaginative and intelligent (problem-solving) but stubborn house pet suitable for experienced owners.
In popular culture Bull Terriers are prominently featured in Jonathan Carroll's 1980 novel The Land of Laughs.
Bull Terriers have appeared in many movies, including: A Dog's Life (1918), Oliver!, Baxter, Patton, Toy Story, Babe: Pig in the City, Next Friday, Friday After Next,
Frankenweenie, Train spotting, Bulletproof, "Scotland, PA", The Incredible Journey and Space Buddies.
A Bull Terrier appears in several scenes of the 1976 film Je t'aime... moi non plus. It was owned by the film's director Serge Gainsbourg and called Nana.
Bull Terriers have also featured in television shows such as the 1970s television show Baa Baa Black Sheep, in the opening credits of the British television show
Barking Mad, and in the short lived Fox series Keen Eddie.
A Bull Terrier is the main character in a Max Brand novel "The White Wolf".
American children's writer and illustrator Chris Van Allsburg features a bull terrier named Fritz in at least one scene in every book.